Medical dermatology focuses on treating skin issues that affect a patient’s health including but not limited to warts, skin cancer, fungal infection, dermatitis, psoriasis, rashes, acne and many others. Being the largest and an external body organ, the skin is prone to diseases, abnormalities and discoloration.
A good medical dermatologist in Plano TX (like us) has extensive training and experience in the diagnoses and treatment of different skin related disorders through different investigations and therapies such as medications, phototherapy, radiotherapy, laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy, dermatologic surgery.
Some of the most common medical dermatology conditions/treatments include:
· Skin cancer
Skin cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the skin tissues. It can occur anywhere on the body but the body parts exposed to sunlight such as the face, arms, hands and neck are the most affected. Basically, there are two types of skin cancer, melanoma skin cancers which spread to the body parts and nonmelanoma skin cancers that rarely spread to the other body tissues.
Mohs micrographic surgery is one of the most effective technique for removing skin cancer. In this technique, the surgeon removes a thin layer of skin tissue to examine during instead of after surgery. As a result, he is able to know exactly which tissues are cancer free hence are not removed unnecessarily.
Although non cancerous, these growths of hardened skin can be pesky to both adults and children. They can appear anywhere on the body but the hands and feet are the most affected. Most warts go away on their own because the immune system is able to destroy the human papillomavirus (HPV) that causes warts. However, if the warts are painful, easily irritated or they are spreading to other body parts or to other people, you should seek help from a medical dermatologist. Depending on the type of warts, they are treated with either cryotherapy, surgery, chemical peels or medicines such as imiquimod, cantharidin or retinoid cream.
While some acne conditions are mild, others are serious and require treatment. From acne extractions, chemical peels, topical and oral medications, there are plenty of treatments that can help with this condition whether it is scarring form previous acne or breakouts.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that can affect any part of the body. Depending on the type of psoriasis, it can be treated with either Anthralin, Salicylic acid, Vitamin D analogues, Topical corticosteroids, Calcineurin inhibitors, topical retonoids or phottherapy.
Eczema appears on the skin like a discolored and dry rash. It gives the affected person a sensation of scratch which can lead to infection and swelling if not treated. There are several treatment options for eczema including ultraviolet light therapy, cortisteroids, antihistamines, hydrocortisone and drugs that work on the immune system such as methotrexate, cyclosporine or azathioprine.
Rosacea is characterized by small acne bumps which first appear in the center of the face. It is important to treat rosacea immediately as it quickly spreads to the outer parts of the face such as the chin, forehead and cheeks.
There are a number of treatments that help to prevent the acne like breakouts and redness caused by Rosacea but it responds best to Intense pulsed light (IPL) as well as tropical treatments.
This condition is characterized by the loss of melanin pigment causing lighter patches on the skin. It occurs when the immune system destroys your melanocytes hence destroying its ability to produce melanin. Though there is no definite cure for vitiligo, it can be controlled with different treatments such as phototherapy and XTRAC Excimer laser.
Melasma causes the appearance of brown patches on the face especially the chin, upper lip, forehead and cheeks. The causes of melasma range from hereditary factors, use of birth control or sun exposure. The best way to prevent this condition is by the use of sunscreen but if you have already contracted, it can be treated by either chemical peel, bleaching or fraxel.
In addition to the skin conditions mentioned above, we have also seen and treated the following skin diseases.
· Nail disease
· Contact dermatitis
· Autoimmune diseases such as epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid and others.
Whatever skin conditions you are suffering from, our team of medical dermatologists are fully committed to providing highly specialized care to all patients ranging from children to the elderly.
Call us today to schedule your appointment! Our friendly team is here for you and we are confident that you will be delighted by your visit to our Plano Texas facility.
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